TheWeek@ND Student Edition (September 19)



For the Week of September 19

Arts and Performances


Beyond the Classics Series — “Documentary: Fact or Fiction?”
Learn how nonfiction representation has evolved from early experimentations through the impact of television journalism to the emergence of new media in a new Learning Beyond the Classics series (Tuesdays, Sept. 20 through Dec. 6). Fac/Staff: $20 for series or $6 per film. Free for ND, SMC, HC and IUSB students.
“Chronicle of a Summer” (1961)
The new Learning Beyond the Classics series “Documentary: Fact or Fiction?” begins with “Chronicle of a Summer.” This vanguard work of what Edgar Morin termed cinéma vérité is a brilliantly conceived and realized sociopolitical diagnosis of the early 1960s in France. Fac/Staff: $6. Free for ND, SMC, HC and IUSB students. (90 minutes)
Tuesday, Sept. 20; 8 to 9:30 p.m. in the Browning Cinema, DeBartolo Performing Arts Center

“Bulletproof” (2020)
What does it mean to be safe in school in the United States? “Bulletproof” poses and complicates these questions through a provocative exploration of fear and American violence and explores the complexities of violence in schools by looking at the strategies employed to prevent it. A panel discussion will follow the screening. Free but ticketed. (83 minutes)
Wednesday, Sept. 21; 7:30 to 8:45 p.m. in the Browning Cinema, DeBartolo Performing Arts Center

“Riotsville, USA” (2022)
Welcome to Riotsville, a point in American history when the nation’s rulers did everything possible to win the war in the streets. Recovering an obscured history whose effects have shaped the present, “Riotsville, USA” is a poetic and furious reflection on the rebellions of the 1960s and the machine that worked to destroy them. Fac/Staff: $6. Students: $4. (91 minutes)
Friday, Sept. 23; 6:30 to 8 p.m. in the Browning Cinema, DeBartolo Performing Arts Center
Saturday, Sept. 24; 9:30 p.m.
Sunday, Sept. 25; 4 p.m.

“The Tsugua Diaries” (2021)
Three close friends, Crista, Carloto and João (and an entire film crew), become the protagonists of a cinematic experiment shot during the lockdown. Shot in 16mm, the film is one of the most playful cinematic creations of the pandemic, for which personal restrictions provided a source of inspiration and pure joy in the creative process. Fac/Staff: $6. Students: $4. (102 minutes)
Friday, Sept. 23; 9:30 to 11:15 p.m. in the Browning Cinema, DeBartolo Performing Arts Center
Saturday, Sept. 24; 6:30 p.m.

Met Opera: Live in HD presents “Hamlet” (Dean)
The riveting contemporary masterpiece reimagined by Australian composer Brett Dean now appears with Neil Armfield — who directed the work’s premiere in 2017 — bringing this acclaimed staging to the Met. Fac/Staff: $23. Students: $16. (225 minutes with one intermission)
Saturday, Sept. 24; 1 to 4:45 p.m. in the Browning Cinema, DeBartolo Performing Arts Center

“Enchanted” (2007)
Blending animation and live action with healthy doses of self-awareness, the movie-musical “Enchanted” reunited composer-lyricist Alan Menken and composer Stephen Schwartz to both indulge in and lampoon indelible Disney songs, including many they wrote throughout their careers. $1 tickets.
Sunday, Sept. 25; 1 to 2:45 p.m. in the Browning Cinema, DeBartolo Performing Arts Center


Arts of Dignity — Singing the Story of American Workers: A Concert with Folk Musician Tom Breiding
The Center for Social Concerns is proud to kick off its annual Arts of Dignity series for 2022-23 with Tom Breiding, a singer-songwriter long engaged with the labor movement and environmental justice in Appalachia.
Monday, Sept. 19; 7 to 8:30 p.m. in Washington Hall

Join SUB for Acousticafé! If you would like to perform, please visit
Thursday, Sept. 22; 8:30 to 10:30 p.m. on Library Lawn

Longform Improv Show
Join The Humor Artists’ longform team, Taste of Purgatory, for a free longform improv comedy performance.
Friday, Sept. 23; 7 to 8:30 p.m. in the Lab Theatre, Washington Hall

Jessica Vosk
Jessica Vosk is best known as “100% that witch” Elphaba in Broadway’s “Wicked.” If you saw Elphaba in the show’s second national tour to South Bend, you know Vosk’s mean, green soprano. The Presenting Series’ opening night guarantees a display of impressive vocals, dynamic personality and an uncanny sense of humor. Fac/Staff: $57. Student: $10.
Friday, Sept. 23; 7:30 to 10 p.m. in the Leighton Concert Hall, DeBartolo Performing Arts Center

South Bend Symphony Orchestra presents “Mozart y Mambo”
The South Bend Symphony Orchestra’s 90th season opens with siblings Sarah Willis and Music
Director Alastair Willis on stage together. This exciting and unique performance combines much-loved solo pieces for French horn by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart with traditional Cuban music. Fac/Staff and Students: $12.
Saturday, Sept. 24; 7:30 p.m. in the Leighton Concert Hall, DeBartolo Performing Arts Center
Sunday, Sept. 25; 2:30 p.m.

O’Neill Open House and “In C” Performance
Wake up the echoes in O’Neill Hall! Join the Department of Music, Sacred Music, faculty and students in a performance of Terry Riley’s iconic “In C,” plus an instrument petting zoo, Rohr’s food truck, live performances and more.
Sunday, Sept. 25; noon to 4 p.m. in O’Neill Hall of Music (at the Leahy Gate)

“Rooted in the Word: Sacred Text, Sacred Speech and the Voice of the Organ”
Alumna Mary Catherine Levri ’17 is director of music and assistant professor of music and pastoral studies at Mount St. Mary’s Seminary and School of Theology. In her planned program, composers may include Buxtehude, Bach, Heiller and Peeters among others. Fac/Staff: $10. Students: $5.
Sunday, Sept. 25; 4 to 5:15 p.m. in the Reyes Organ and Choral Hall, DeBartolo Performing Arts Center

Athletics and Sporting Events

Visit the Athletics composite schedule for events this week.

Deadlines or Registrations

Teach@ND Day
If you Teach @ ND, this event is for you! Friday, Oct. 7, is being set aside to celebrate and support the excellent teaching that happens on Notre Dame’s campus, with a focus on relationship-rich education. There will be events, giveaways and more, meant to recognize the immense value of your work and your connections with students. Registration deadline is Tuesday, Sept. 20. Register here.
Friday, Oct. 7; 10:30 a.m. to 2:45 p.m. in the Downes Club (seventh floor), Corbett Family Hall

Apply to Participate in the Thom Browne Football Game and Photo Shoot
In conjunction with his residency at the Notre Dame Institute for Advanced Study, designer Thom Browne and his team will be hosting a football game and photo shoot. The institute is seeking Notre Dame undergraduate students to participate. All Notre Dame undergrads are eligible to apply by the deadline of Sunday, Sept. 25.  
Wednesday, Oct. 26; 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. on South Quad

The John Burgee Lecture — “Notre-Dame de Paris: Architecting a Legacy”
The School of Architecture will host French architects Philippe Villeneuve and Rémi Fromont, who are leading the reconstruction of the Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Paris after its devastating fire in 2019. They’ll share their experience, progress and latest updates. Virtual attendance requires registration.
Tuesday, Sept. 27; 5:15 to 6:30 p.m. in the auditorium, Walsh Family Hall of Architecture, and online

Major League Baseball Ticket Offer
University of Notre Dame Night at Wrigley Field: special ticket offer available through this link only for Notre Dame students, faculty, staff, alumni and their families. Includes a special-edition Notre Dame-Cubs baseball cap!
Chicago Cubs vs. the Phillies, Wednesday, Sept. 28; 6:40 p.m. CDT at Wrigley Field, Chicago

Time-Out for Tech: Using Udemy
Udemy has thousands of courses for you to take, but finding just the right one can be a challenge. Learn how to navigate this system and find the best courses for your needs. Free. The Zoom link will be added to the calendar event the day before the session.
Thursday, Sept. 29; 3 to 3:30 p.m. via Zoom

Say Thank You to Your Instructors!
Who was the professor who inspired your love of your major? The TA who changed the way you see the world? The instructor who showed compassion during a difficult time? Take a moment to say thank you. Use this form to share a brief note of thanks to any professors and TAs who have had an impact on you during your time at Notre Dame. The deadline for submission is Friday, Sept. 30.

Conference: “Converging Wisdom? Questioning the Continued Relevance of the Perennial Philosophy”
Examine the claim that the varying and sometimes conflicting teachings of world religions reveal a similarity of metaphysical insight and spiritually liberating wisdom, all rooted in one divine source. Open registration. Attend in-person or virtually.
Sunday, Oct. 2; 3 to 8 p.m. in Room 215/216, McKenna Hall
Monday, Oct. 3; 9 a.m. to 10 p.m.
Tuesday, Oct. 4, 9 a.m. to 1:30 p.m.

Early Childhood Conference: “Joyful Learning”
The keynote speaker is Jim Gill, author and musician. There will be several other early childhood training sessions to select from for more professional development. Register for the half-day conference and for the leadership lunch-and-learn from 1 to 2 p.m. Please register soon as capacity is limited. This conference will be helpful to anyone interested in education or working with young children. Co-sponsored by ECDC at ND/SMC.
Saturday, Oct. 8; 8 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. at Saint Mary’s College

Educational and Research Opportunities

Study Abroad Week 
Programs are now open for application for the 2023-24 academic year and summer 2023. Study Abroad Week is Sept. 19-23, with information sessions on all related programs and events. Visit for more information.
Monday, Sept. 19; 12:30 to 1:30 p.m. and 7 to 8:30 p.m. in various campus locations
Tuesday, Sept. 20; noon to 1 p.m., 5 to 6 p.m. and 6:30 to 8:25 p.m.
Wednesday, Sept. 21; noon to 1 p.m., 5 to 6 p.m. and 6:30 to 7:45 p.m.
Thursday, Sept. 22; noon to 1 p.m.

Hesburgh Libraries and Navari Family Center for Digital Scholarship Workshops:
Click on each workshop to see more details and to register.
Extracting Parts of Speech and Named Entities
This hands-on workshop will demonstrate the use of a locally developed tool to extract parts of speech and named entities from any plain text file. Participants will then learn how to use a free program called OpenRefine to sort and search through the results. Take this workshop, and your “reading” abilities will begin to take on new dimensions.
Tuesday, Sept. 20; 11 a.m. to noon in the Navari Family Center for Digital Scholarship (Room 247), Hesburgh Library
Introduction to Github and Markdown
Traditionally used for software development, Git and the online platform GitHub have been adopted for projects of all kinds, including humanities research. This workshop guides participants through the basic functions of contributing to a repository and writing documents in its preferred plain-text format, markdown.
Tuesday, Sept. 20; 1 to 2 p.m. in the Navari Family Center for Digital Scholarship (Room 246), Hesburgh Library
Using a Concordance
Concordances are centuries old tools used to understand large volumes of text. Modern-day concordances also help the reader identify statistically significant key words and word collocations, and navigate a text in question. This workshop will also demonstrate a free, cross-platform concordance program called AntConc.
Tuesday, Sept. 20; 2 to 3 p.m. in the Navari Family Center for Digital Scholarship (Room 247), Hesburgh Library
Virtual Reality Workshop Series—Developing an Original Simulation: Scoping a Minimum Viable Product
Learn how to develop minimal viable product criteria for a virtual reality (VR) simulation. Participants will look at a number of independently developed unity environments, discuss what goes into developing a first draft of a VR project, and collaboratively develop criteria for an original simulation. This is the first of a three-part series.
Tuesday, Sept. 20; 3:30 to 5 p.m. in the Navari Family Center for Digital Scholarship (Room 247), Hesburgh Library
How to Make a Book
This hands-on workshop will demonstrate how to bind books using any one of three different techniques: using a machine to do coil binding, using a machine to do adhesive binding or making a book with a “slot and tab” method and absolutely no tools, only paper. Learn about the enriching process of printing and making books, even in an digital era.
Wednesday, Sept. 21; 2 to 3 p.m. in the Navari Family Center for Digital Scholarship (Room 247), Hesburgh Library
Introduction to the Bloomberg Terminal Excel Add-On
This session provides an introduction to direct data export options in Bloomberg Terminal using its Excel add-on. Learn how to use the spreadsheet builder, which offers a more visual method of exporting data, as well as the Excel function builder, which allows for more complex and specific data requests.   
Wednesday, Sept. 21; 5:30 to 6:15 p.m. in the Business Library (Room L012), Mendoza College of Business
Using the Distant Reader
This workshop is useful to anyone who needs to read large volumes of material and will help you take control of your content. The Distant Reader, a locally written system, can take large volumes of URLs or files, create a corpus, convert it into plain text, complete natural language processing and output sets of reports.   
Thursday, Sept. 22; 1 to 2 p.m. in the Navari Family Center for Digital Scholarship (Room 247), Hesburgh Library
Building a Better Lit Review
Most researchers understand the overwhelming feeling of conducting a thorough literature review. VOSviewer alleviates the pain of conducting a lit review by letting researchers visualize the relationships between their sources. In this workshop, you’ll learn what VOSviewer is, how it works and how you can use it in your own work.
Friday, Sept. 23; 10 to 11 a.m. in the Collaboration Hub (Room 220), Hesburgh Library


Visual Storytelling: Basic Design with Canva
This workshop covers the basics of designing with Canva, including some basic design principles to help attendees understand how to use contrast, repetition, alignment and proximity to design visually appealing brochures, presentations, posters, social media images and more. Attendees will create a poster and a social media image.
Tuesday, Sept. 20; 4 to 5 p.m. in Room 334, Bond Hall


Research Study Participation Opportunities:

CVRL (Computer Science and Engineering)

Students, faculty and staff are invited to participate in a 30-minute research study. The objective is to identify techniques of heart rate, respiration rate and blood pressure estimation from videos of subjects performing various tasks. Review further details here. Participants will receive a gift card.
Sessions are available Mondays through Thursdays (starting Tuesday, Sept. 20, to Oct. 27), from 2 to 4 p.m. in Room 355C, Fitzpatrick Hall of Engineering

Call for Research Participants at the Memory, Aging and Cognition Lab
The Memory, Aging and Cognition Lab at Notre Dame is seeking volunteers for research on memory and the brain. To be eligible, you must be 30 to 80 years old, have learned English before age 5 and be in good general health. Volunteers are compensated $15/hour. If you are interested, please contact the lab at or 574-634-0264.
Through Thursday, Dec. 8; 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. in Room 527, Corbett Family Hall  

Faith and Service

Volunteer as a Tour Guide at the Basilica of the Sacred Heart
The Basilica is seeking student volunteers to serve as tour guides. You’ll immerse yourself in the history of Notre Dame while guiding pilgrims and guests to a deeper appreciation for the Basilica. Weekday and Sunday hours are available. If you’re interested in volunteering, please contact Katie Pelster at
Beginning Wednesday, Sept. 21

Health and Recreation

Flu Vaccine Blitz
The University will offer free flu vaccines to students at the annual Flu Blitz. Appointments are required. Similar to recent years, all students — undergraduate, graduate and professional — are required to receive the seasonal flu vaccine this fall to minimize the spread of respiratory-based illnesses in our community.
Tuesday, Sept. 20; 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. in Stepan Center
Wednesday, Sept. 21; 10 a.m. to 7 p.m.

Yoga in Italian
Tiziana Serafini, certified yoga instructor, will guide you through an energizing and peaceful series of poses. No previous knowledge of Italian is needed — just a bit of fearless enthusiasm! Each sequence will be briefly introduced in English. Mats and blocks are available in the studio, but bring your water bottle.
Friday, Sept. 23; 3:30 to 4:30 p.m. in Studio 1, Smith Center

Yoga on the Quad
Join SUB for a beginners’ yoga class and free Purely Pressed smoothie bowls and succulents! Visit to sign up.
Saturday, Sept. 24; 10 to 11 a.m. on South Quad

Lectures and Presentations

Lunch Lecture: “What Does Human Dignity Mean and Why Should We Care?”
Join Christopher McCrudden, professor of human rights and equality law at Queen’s University Belfast, for a reflection on the meaning and importance of the concept of human dignity. Lecture begins at 12:30 p.m. with lunch available at noon. No RSVP required; all are welcome.
Monday, Sept. 19; noon to 1:45 p.m. in the Oak Room, South Dining Hall

Transformative Latina Leadership Lecture with Dorene C. Dominguez
This is an interview-style conversation with Dorene C. Dominguez ’85, Notre Dame Trustee, and Luis R. Fraga, director of the Institute for Latino Studies. Dominguez is the chairwoman and CEO of Vanir, a national leader in project and construction management and real estate development. She is speaking in honor of 50 years of women at Notre Dame.
Monday, Sept. 19; 12:30 to 1:30 p.m. in the auditorium (Room 104), Bond Hall

Webinar — “Architecture and Climate Change: Grand Visions in Urban Planning”
Architects play a major role in designing outdoor spaces to mitigate the effects of climate change. Join ND Energy for a virtual conversation about projects in China, India and the United States that address the need for equity and inclusion, creating functional beauty in underserved urban areas for the benefit of all. Registration is required.
Monday, Sept. 19; 8 to 9 p.m. via Zoom

Lecture: “Integral Human Development and Institutions”
Presented by Kellogg Faculty Fellow Clemens Sedmak, director of the Nanovic Institute for European Studies and professor of social ethics in the Keough School of Global Affairs, this lecture will explore the intersection between integral human development and the ethics of institutions.
Tuesday, Sept. 20; 12:30 to 2 p.m. in Room C103, Hesburgh Center for International Studies

Pizza, Pop & Politics
Join ND Votes as they host Melinda Fountain, who will speak on the importance of local civil engagement and her journey from diplomat to state senate candidate. Free to attend. Pizza and pop will be provided! Review the poster.
Tuesday, Sept. 20; 6:30 to 7:30 p.m. in Room 1050, Jenkins Nanovic Halls

Panel Discussion — “From Carbon Capture to Artificial Food: The Complexities of Future Choices”
Engineers and scientists are developing methods to use excess carbon in the atmosphere to synthesize carbohydrates, which could reduce the adverse effects of modern agriculture. All are welcome to attend a panel discussion with Notre Dame faculty experts on the socioeconomic implications of using direct carbon capture for synthetic food production.
Tuesday, Sept. 20; 7 to 8 p.m. in Carey Auditorium (Room 107), Hesburgh Library

2022 CARE Conference: “Accountability in a Sustainable World”
The Center for Accounting Research and Education (CARE) hosts the 2022 CARE Conference. Open to the public, this two-day virtual event invites speakers and panels of experts to discuss accounting for sustainability and responsible investing. Free with registration required.
Wednesday, Sept. 21; 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. online
Friday, Sept. 23; 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.

“My Contacts with Saint John Paul II at the Fall of the Soviet Union”: The Keeley Vatican Lecture with Archbishop Claudio Gugerotti
(Note date and venue change.) The Most Rev. Claudio Gugerotti, the apostolic nuncio to Great Britain and the titular archbishop of Rebellum, will present the Keeley Vatican Lecture online due to his attendance at the state funeral for Queen Elizabeth II.
Wednesday, Sept. 21; 12:30 to 1:45 p.m. via livestream on YouTube

International Day of Peace: End Racism. Build Peace.
Each year, the United Nations International Day of Peace is observed around the world on Sept. 21. This year’s theme is “End Racism. Build Peace.” Join the Kroc Institute for a dynamic conversation followed by a reception.
Wednesday, Sept. 21; 4 to 5:30 p.m. in Room 1050, Jenkins Nanovic Halls

Panel Discussion — “Post-Roe America: Making Intersectional Feminist Sense of Abortion Bans”
Join a panel of local experts for a teach-in and discussion about the recent Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Supreme Court decision and Indiana’s new abortion law. The panelists are scholars with expertise in reproductive health, politics and law who will address the impacts of abortion criminalization on our communities and institutions. Guided by a commitment to intersectionality, our discussion will center on the ways that racism, economic injustice and geography shape both the impacts of abortion restrictions and movements to resist them.
Wednesday, Sept. 21; 4:30 to 6 p.m. in the Jordan Auditorium, Mendoza College of Business

An Evening with Jaume Plensa
Working in a wide variety of materials, Jaume Plensa has created sculptures that work as visual metaphors to address and inspire unifying themes of humanity. In a special visit to Notre Dame, the artist will discuss his practice and many of his most iconic endeavors.
Wednesday, Sept. 21; 5:30 to 7 p.m. in the Annenberg Auditorium, Snite Museum of Art

Notre Dame’s Commitment to Carbon Neutrality
In the fall of 2021, the University committed to becoming a carbon neutral campus by 2050. Paul Kempf, assistant vice president for utilities and maintenance, will provide an update on Notre Dame’s progress to date on improving energy conservation measures and reducing carbon emissions, as well as recent ventures into solar, hydro and geothermal energy.
Wednesday, Sept. 21; 7 to 8 p.m. in Room 136, DeBartolo Hall

Notre Dame Turbomachinery Laboratory Tour
Tour the facility where Notre Dame partners with industry and government to develop advanced technologies required for conventional and high Mach air-breathing propulsion, energy generation, advanced thermal management and energy storage solutions. Open to Notre Dame students, faculty and staff. Space is limited and registration by Sept. 21 is required.
Thursday, Sept. 22; 3:30 to 4:30 p.m. in the Notre Dame Turbomachinery Laboratory

Video and Panel Discussion — “Brazilian Democracy in Danger: How Polarization and Institutional Crises Have Eroded Democracy”
To what extent is Brazilian democracy in danger? Can there be the rise of a new authoritarian regime in Latin America’s largest country? This virtual event begins with showing the second video of the two-episode series “Brazil Today,” followed by further discussion with distinguished panelists and moderators.
Thursday, Sept. 22; 4 to 5:30 p.m. in the auditorium, Hesburgh Center for International Studies

Virtual Panel Discussion: Success Stories of Hispanic Alumni of Notre Dame
Members of the Hispanic Alumni of Notre Dame will discuss their personal and career choices since their college years. Many are pioneers and leaders in their career paths and aim to share their experiences and mentor Notre Dame students. Part of the 2022 Hispanic Heritage Month series of events at the Institute for Latino Studies.
Thursday, Sept. 22; 7 to 8:30 p.m. via Zoom

Wrongful Convictions and the Death Penalty in America: A Fireside Chat with Sister Helen Prejean
“Dead Man Walking” author Sister Helen Prejean, who for decades has been the leader and moral conscience at the heart of the anti-death-penalty movement in the United States, will participate in a fireside chat with Law School Dean G. Marcus Cole.
Friday, Sept. 23; 11:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. in the auditorium, Eck Visitors Center

Careers in Global Health: The Carter Center and Neglected Tropical Diseases
Come hear from Jenna Coalson, an epidemiologist for the Carter Center’s River Blindness Elimination Program, as she discusses her career path in global health. Lunch provided; registration is requested.
Friday, Sept. 23; noon to 1:30 p.m. in Room W210, Duncan Student Center

Lecture: “Race and the Media”
“Building an Anti-Racist Vocabulary” is a weekly lecture series to guide our community through topics necessary to a deeper understanding of racial justice. This week Eric Deggans, television critic for NPR, dissects the powerful ways modern media feeds fear and prejudice. Open to the Notre Dame community via Zoom.
Friday, Sept. 23; 12:30 to 1:30 p.m. via Zoom

Safety, Parking and Traffic

NDPD Introduces New Technology to Enhance Safety
ND Safe is a new smartphone app for faculty, staff and students to access multiple resources for personal safety all in one place, including one-button calls to Notre Dame police/fire/emergency dispatch, St. Joseph County 911 and non-emergency assistance. ND Safe is free and easy to download using your ND credentials.
Access via the ND Mobile app or as a stand-alone app through the NDPD website

Social Gatherings

Fall Festival
Come one, come all to this year’s Fall Festival! Enjoy a night of inflatables, giveaways, music and more. Food will include Mission BBQ and funnel cakes. Don’t forget to stop by the Library Lawn pumpkin patch and sign up for the cornhole tournament here.
Friday, Sept. 23, 9 p.m. to midnight on Library Lawn

Bingo Night
Are you a fan of bingo? Join SAO for Bingo Night and a chance to win some cool prizes such as gift cards, ND gear and more! Be one of the first 50 students to attend to claim an exclusive prize.
Saturday, Sept. 24; 9 to 11 p.m. on Library Lawn

Tech Tips, Tools and IT Maintenance

Canvas Tip: Messaging Through Canvas
Students and instructors are able to send messages through the Canvas Inbox. This inbox can be filtered by course and includes copies of announcements and other messaging done from within the course.